Force Encounters Course

Investigation Fundamentals, Decision-Making, and Human Performance


The Human Dynamics and Conflict Resolution law enforcement training program is an introduction to the psychological and physiological factors that affect threat assessment, sensory perception, decision, performance and memory. The course applies these concepts to high-stress and life-threatening encounters in a law enforcement context. The latest version of the course includes up-to-date material that will change the way participants view video recordings, such as those from body cams.

Using the Force Science Institute’s research into human performance under pressure, law enforcement officers can better plan their approaches to demanding situations, maximizing their own safety, as well as public safety.

Course Goal

At the end of the course, students will understand the critical factors involved in use-of-force decisions and their performance in such situations. Participants will be able to incorporate the psychological and physiological concepts they learn into training programs that can enhance departmental and individual officer performance, encourage accountability and inform community oversight. The concepts taught in the course support commitment to procedurally just investigations, employing realistic, thorough and evidence-based analysis.


The curriculum for this two-day program is based on Force Science’s own research that uses precise time-and-motion measurements to document environmental, physiological and psychological dynamics of high-threat events. The internal research is supported by the work of experts and researchers in Motor Learning and Performance, as well as Perception, Cognition and Decision training.

The training course prepares students to recognize and apply the principles they learn in investigations and training at their own law enforcement agencies. Lessons are delivered via discussions, video presentations, case studies and lectures.

Real-world instances are cited to facilitate discussion and demonstrate the ways physiological and technological factors affect the answers to critical use-of-force questions, including the following:

IADLEST National Certification Program™


Course Duration
2 Days

Training Hours
16 Hours

1 Expert Instructor


  • How attention, decision-making and response dynamics influence reaction time.
  • How adrenaline, attention and trigger speed affect shooting performance.
  • How video recordings' capabilities and limitations may affect viewer perception of events.
  • How popular firearm tactics can increase the risk of armed encounters.
  • How critical incidents can affect memory.
  • How investigators can improve the accuracy of recall in interview subjects.
  • How the speed of assault influences de-escalation strategies and tactics.
  • How the speed of assault, prone threats, attention and exhaustion can affect traffic stop and investigative approaches.
  • How the aforementioned factors can affect the memory and performance of all participants in a critical incident.

Host This Program

If your department or agency wants to host this program, it’s simple to request the pricing and further details. Simply click the button below and fill out the necessary information to help us get started. We will call to follow up and ensure we can deliver the precise training experience your agency is looking for.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between this course and the five-day Certification Course?

The two courses cover the same concepts and principles but with a different level of depth. The longer Force Science Certification Course involves daily practical applications of concepts and a written exam for certification. The two-day Introduction to Human Dynamics and Conflict Resolution curriculum is a rich overview of Force Science research and its application to training, investigations and performance.

Who should attend this course?

Law enforcement personnel of all ranks can benefit from enrolling in the Introduction to Human Dynamics and Conflict Resolution training course. This includes line officers, trainers, field supervisors, internal affairs personnel, chiefs, other administrators, departmental attorneys, prosecutors and risk managers. Departments can also invite local political figures such as mayors, who will be called on to make statements or intervene after a police use-of-force event such as an officer-involved shooting (OIS).

Who are the instructors?

Introduction to Human Dynamics and Conflict Resolution is taught by highly specialized instructors personally trained by Executive Director Dr. Bill Lewinski and Force Science’ Institute’s team of experts.

Is there a minimum or maximum attendance limit?

Attendance is typically capped at 100 students and there is no minimum enrollment. When discussing hosting costs, however, agencies can arrange for higher attendance.

May multiple agencies host the program and share the cost?

Any number of departments may co-host the event and share the cost. The billing can be divided in any way. Furthermore, agencies may invite personnel from other departments and charge tuition to offset the program cost.