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Dr. William Lewinski

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Law and Error: Should Mistakes Be Adjudicated in Criminal Courts?

Republished with Permission from InsiderAdvantage Georgia© | January 11, 2022 American law provides two distinct avenues, civil and criminal courts, to address culpable conduct, so when should a human error -an equivocal mistake- lead to a prison sentence? Weapon confusion cases turn the line between civil and criminal culpability into a chasm where lives hang...
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New Research on Vision and Emotional Regulation for Effective Performance

Recent developments in cognitive, perceptual, and performance psychology may provide insights into how officers can improve decision-making, performance, and emotional effectiveness during critical incidents. In 2010 Force Science presented its findings from eye scan research conducted with Dr. Joan Vickers.1 In our research, we observed that, when compared to novice shooters, the experts perceived critical...
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Keys to Training Excellence

After decades of assessing law-enforcement training, the Force Science Institute (FS) continues to share some of its most compelling research findings. In this series, we introduced our research into traditional training methods and identified the circumstances under which simple and complex skills can quickly deteriorate (Part 1).  We then detailed our assessment of police training...
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Police Training in Progress

“Clinical” Law Enforcement

Training for the Real-World The law enforcement profession has long been characterized by highly specialized education and training requirements.  Society’s expectation that police effectively develop, maintain, and update their skills echoes the profession’s own commitment to never-ending improvement.  To determine how well these expectations were being met, and to identify promising practices for training excellence,...
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Police Skills Training

Block Training in the Academy – Efficiency & Effectiveness Are Not The Same

Part 3 of 4  | View Part 1 & Part 2 The 2015 Presidential Task Force on 21st Century Policing recommended federal funding “to promote consistent standards for high quality training” and to “develop rigorous training practices, evaluation, and development of curricula based on evidence-based practices.” To date, nothing has been developed regarding academy training. ...
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Police Arrest and Control

The Effectiveness of Academy Training – A Three Country Study

Part 2 of 4  | View Part 1 CHALLENGE The very first Force Science study on force training was commissioned to assess “use of force training” by a national police agency.  The agency sought Force Science’s expertise on a comparison of arrest and control training programs in three countries (Canada, United States, and United Kingdom)...
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Police Academy Training

Police Officer Training | 4-Part Series

Do We Train to Assure Officer Success…  or to “Check the Box?” Part 1 of 4 The average U.S. law enforcement department spends approximately one hundred thousand dollars, from application to academy graduation, preparing officers for the multiple demands they will face on a daily basis while working the street.  They must know everything from...
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